The hottest U.S. plans to shut down coal-fired pow

2022-08-15
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The United States plans to shut down coal-fired power plants and completely stop the coal industry

the United States plans to shut down coal-fired power plants and completely stop the coal industry

China engineering machinery information

Guide: the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) said that the United States will gradually shut down a large number of coal-fired units. Industry experts said that this news may cause a new round of impact on the international coal price as soon as it comes out, and it is not good news for coal-fired power plants whose domestic investment continues to decline. International coal prices may be impacted, according to

the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) said that the United States will gradually shut down a large number of coal-fired units. Industry experts said that this news may cause a new round of impact on the international coal price as soon as it comes out, and it is not good news for coal-fired power plants whose domestic investment continues to decline

According to foreign media reports, the Obama administration will continue to shut down coal-fired power plants, which are expected to close 57 in 2012, with the goal of completely stopping the U.S. coal industry. At the same time, the EIA also said that 175 coal-fired generating units with a total generating capacity of 27million kW will be discontinued from 2012 to 2016

Lin Boqiang, director of the energy economy research center of Xiamen University, believes that it is unlikely that the United States will shut down a large number of coal-fired units. He told China Business News: "On the one hand, coal accounts for about 23% of the energy consumption structure of the United States, natural gas accounts for 27% and oil accounts for about one third. The United States does not want to increase the proportion of oil consumption. Nuclear power has not increased at present, hydropower has basically not developed, and renewable energy is only about 1.7%. This is basically the fixed energy structure of the United States. If natural gas is to replace coal, it is impossible to increase a large proportion in a few years. On the other hand, shut down coal-fired engines The cost of the group is also very large. "

however, it cannot be denied that the emergence of this news may have an impact on international coal prices. "The United States has the largest coal reserves in the world. After closing coal-fired power plants, coal can only be exported. As long as the global market hears the news that the country with the largest coal reserves will no longer use coal in the next few years, the coal price will go down, and there is no need for the United States to do anything." Lin Boqiang said

at present, there are about 500 coal-fired power plants in the United States. Although coal still provides about one-third of the country's electricity, it provided nearly half of the electricity four years ago. The long-standing close relationship between coal and power utilities is beginning to alienate

Tu Jianjun, director of the China energy and Climate Program at the Carnegie Endowment for international peace research, said that the United States' ceasefire on electricity was mainly restricted by shale gas, air quality legislation and possible greenhouse gas intensity regulations. "Basically, small thermal power units with an average scale of 150 MW that have been in operation for 50-60 years are the ones that fail to pass the shutdown. Because they are forced to stop such facilities through environmental legislation and market factors, there is no need for compensation."

domestic coal power investment will be affected

with the decline of domestic coal consumption in the United States, it is inevitable to increase exports to foreign markets

in recent years, the large-scale development of shale gas has changed the energy pattern of the United States, and relatively low-cost shale gas will gradually replace oil and coal. EIA said in the "short term energy market forecast report" that the coal demand of the U.S. power industry in 2012 will be less than 900million short tons (1 short ton =0.907 tons), down to 884million short tons, a year-on-year decrease of about 5%. The proportion of coal-fired power generation in the total power generation will also be reduced from 42.2% to 40.4%

as the traditional coal consumption market of the United States, Europe has restrained the demand for coal due to the continuous economic downturn and the escalating call for environmental protection. On the contrary, the Asian economy is relatively strong and has considerable coal demand. Therefore, China, Japan, South Korea and other large coal users in Asia have also set up a renewable raw material negotiation area and a new technology material experience area, which have become their goal of pressing the "confirm" key. It is estimated that the coal export of the United States will increase by 16% in 2012, while the import of Europe will decrease by 1million tons

according to the statistics of the General Administration of Customs of China, in June this year, the total import of coking coal was 6.49 million tons, an increase of 67.9% month on month and 94.4% year on year. Among them, 998000 tons were imported from the United States, accounting for 15% of the total

however, some insiders are optimistic about the "impact" of the United States. Zhao Yuwei, director of China coal and power resources operation, believes that the shipping distance between the United States and the Asia Pacific region is relatively long. In the current trough of the shipping market, freight is relatively cheap, but if the shipping market returns, transportation costs will rise, and it has no great advantage over traditional power coal exporting countries such as Indonesia and Australia. In addition, the closure has a transition period with an approximate corresponding relationship between hardness value and strength value, so it will not have a direct impact on the Chinese market in the short term

Zhao Yuwei is more worried about the impact of the closure of coal-fired power plants in the United States on China's thermal power investment. "The United States leads the world trend in many aspects. Shutting down coal-fired units may have a certain psychological impact on the development of domestic coal-fired power plants, especially in the current situation of continuous decline in investment in coal-fired power plants, power enterprises have no enthusiasm for investment, so this news may have a negative impact on the development of coal-fired power plants in China."

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